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Mac Gille breith -or- Mac Gille bhrath

"Son of the Servant of Judgement"

Bruce P. McGillivray, FSA Scot - Clan MacGillivray (USA)

The above Gaelic orthography for the name MacGillivray is only one of a number that have been suggested, though it is the one most widely accepted. In the context of the Gaelic social structure of the west coast and Isles of Scotland from whence the Clan is thought to have originated, it most likely refers to an occupational role, and perhaps a hereditary one, of 'deemster' (or doomsayer), the officer of the lord's court of law who pronounces its final judgement.

This would be consistent with the way that civil administration and professions were arranged under the MacDonald Lords of the Isles (c. 1158-1493) over the whole western and insular section of Scotland where their writ held sway. This dominion of 'Gaeldom' was distinct in many of its forms and often autonomous in its power from the progressively Anglo-Norman Kings of Scots whose rule held elsewhere in Scotland.

That MacGillivrays were an old clan within this society is affirmed in Clan Donald's own traditions, and that they had some prominence in it is attested by the Seannachaidh Hugh MacDonald of Sleat, who counts 'MacGillevray in Mull' among the freeholders entitled to sit on the Council of the Isles, assembled at Loch Finlaggan in Islay and elsewhere.

& & &

Bron: Mr. E.J. Mac Gillavry, familieboek "Van Dunmaglass tot Djati Roenggo"


Als stamvader-naamgever van de Clan MacGillivray worden genoemd zowel Gillibride of Gillibrighde als ook Gillibhraec, Gillibrath of als samentrekking hiervan Gilbrae, omstreeks het jaar 1100 geboren.

Gillie is het Keltische woord voor helper of dienaar. In het eerste, het meest waarschijnlijke geval, zou de naam betekenen: "Aanhanger van Bride of Brigitta", een bekende Ierse heilige, en in het tweede: "Dienaar des oordeels", de benaming voor een erfelijke rechter onder de koningen van de westelijke eilanden. 'Bhraec' dat wordt uitgesproken als 'vray', komt overeen met het Engelse 'wrath' (toorn).

Gillibride had twee zonen, Somerled, de stichter van de Clans MacDonald, MacDougall en MacRory, en Anradan of Henry. De jongste zoon nam zijn vaders naam er als familienaam bij. Hij noemde zich Anradan Mac Gillibride.

Sedertdien, de eerste helft van de twaalfde eeuw, is onze achternaam blijvend gevoerd. Maar het is dus nog niet zeker dat onze naam van deze Mac Gillibride is afgeleid en evenmin dat iedereen die zich tegenwoordig Mac Gillivray noemt deze afstammingslijn heeft.


Stamreeks van de Clan MacGillivray

Volgens de "History of the Clan MacGillivray's of Dunmaglass" en het "Farr Manuscript"

* geboren, & gehuwd, + overleden


I ca. * 1230

N. MacGillivray. Geboren omstreeks 1230. In 1263 sloot hij zich met zijn aanhang, komend uit het westen aan bij de Mackintoshes ten overstaan van Farquhar V Chief van die Clan in het kasteel van Inverness.

De MacGillivray, die zich in 1263 bij de Mackintoshes had aangesloten, had een zoon Duncan Alin (de Schone), die in 1292 trouwde met Isabella Mackintosh, een dochter van Angus VI Chief en Eva, de ergename van de Clan Chattan. Hierdoor kan de Clan MacGillivray zijn afstamming terugleiden tot de stamvader aller Schotten, Fergus Mor Mac Erc, de eerste koning van Dalriada op het schiereiland Kintyre, waar hij in 503 vanuit Ierland was geland, en dus ook van het Koninklijk Huis van Gabhran, het Clan-ideaal van elke rechtgeaarde Schot.


Duncan Alin (de Schone) MacGillivray. Hij huwde Isabella Mackintosh in 1292, dochter van Angus VI Chief en Eva, erfgename van de Clan Chattan.

III + 1330 Evander MacConochie MacGillivray. Hij sneuvelde in 1330 bij de heuvel van Drumglay in de strijd tussen de Clan Chattan en Clan Cameron.
IV   Farquhar MacGillivray (Stippellijn tussen Evander en Duncan in "Descend Of The MacGillivrays Of Dunmaglass" wegens vereenvoudiging van de stamreeks.)
V   Ewen MacGillivray (idem)
VI   John MacGillivray (idem)
VII   Bean MacGillivray (idem)
VIII ca. 1450 Duncan MacGillivray
IX ca. * 1460 Anckyl Ian Bar Ciar (de Bruine) MacGillivray. Geboren omrent 1460.
X ca. 1500 Duncan MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, I Chief. Hij huwde Fionnaghal Mackintosh, dochter van Duncan (Mackintosh) en Florence MacDonald.
XI ca. 1550 Farquhar MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, II Chief. Hij droeg in 1549 onder zijn zegel de landerijen van Dalmigavie over aan Robert Dunbar of Durris.
XII 1604 Alisdair Mor MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, III Chief. Vermeld in 1578 en 1581. Hij had twee broers: Duncan in Overculcabock en William in Culclaythohy. Na Alisdair's dood, ondertekende Duncan in 1609 het Clan Chattan Verbond.
XIII * 1593 + 1678

Farquhar MacAlister MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, IV Chief. * in 1593. Hij verkreeg op 4 april 1626 bij "feu charter" van Koning James VI erferlijke rechten op Dunmaglass en tekende het Clan Chattan Verbond in 1664. + 1678.

Uit zijn huwelijk:

Alexander  MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, V Chief. * in 1625. Hij verwierf Wester Lairgs. + in 1658. & in 1643 met Agnes Mackintosh of Kyllachie. Donald  MacGillivray of Dalcrombie, genaamde "The Tutor". * in 1627. Voogd over Farquhar MacGillivray of Dunmaglass, VI Chief, tijdens diens minderjarigheid, na de dood van zijn vader (Alexander) in 1658. Hij tekende voor Farquhar het Clan Chattan Verbond in 1664. In 1668 verwierf hij Dalcrombie en Letterchullen. & Marie Mackintosh of Connage, * in 1641. William  MacGillivray of Lairgs. Hij tekende het Clan Chattan Verbond in 1664. & Mary MacLean of Kinchyle. Bean
(niet vermeld, vereenvoudigd)
Lachlan (idem) Catharine (idem)

Dauvit Broun, ‘The earliest appearance of Fergus Mór mac Eirc in Scottish History’

Bron: Dauvit Broun | Academia

Until recently Fergus Mór was regarded on the strength of an annal (AT [501]) as first king of Dál Riata and (by extension) the founding king of Scots. The annal is now, thanks to David Dumville, understood to belong to the ‘Clonmacnoise chronicle’ (911× 954). There is no evidence that it was part of earlier stratum of Irish chronicle material. It is therefore only evidence of Fergus’s significance in the eyes of a tenth-century chronicler.

In this paper I argued that two statements about the sons of Erc written in Dal Riata itself, datable to the 730s and 740s, can be identified: Fergus is conspicuous by his absence from either of them. Where he would be expected to appear, Mac Nisse son of Erc is found instead. The statement from the 730s is Cethri Prímchenéla Dáil Riata. (I have argued elsewhere that its interpretation as favouring Cenél Loairn is based on a misapprehension about the text, which needs to be read alongside the tenth-century Scottish royal genealogy which precedes it: the title Genealogia Albanensium, or Gaelic equivalent, in the manuscripts seems to apply to Ceithri Prímchenéla Dáil Riata  too.) The statement datable to the 740s is the strand of  Míniugud Senchusa fher nAlban  which insists that there are three divisions of Dál Riata, the descendants of three sons of Erc: Oengus, Loarn and Mac Nisse. (This depends crucially on Dumville’s criticism of Bannerman’s edition.) I argued that this can be dated to soon after the ‘smashing’ (percutio) of Dál Riata by Onuist son of Uurgust, king of Fortriu, in 741.

The earliest traceable mention of Fergus son of Erc is in an Armagh account of the founding of Armoy, a major church in Co. Antrim (in Dál Riata) associated with Patrick. (This was discussed by David Dumville in 2000.) This can be dated to no later than about 800. Given the two statements from Dál Riata that can be dated to the 730s and 740s, this suggests that, when Fergus was adopted as the secular founder of Armoy, he was not regarded as ancestor of any leading kindred of Dál Riata: he may conceivably have been ancestor of a local kindred in Co. Antrim, but that would be a guess. Fergus can therefore be said to have appeared first in Scottish history at the point when this Armagh story of the founder of a local church in Co. Antrim, called Fergus son of Erc, was adopted as part of the founding narrative of the Scottish kingship.

When did this happen? It must already have been in place by the time of the Clonmacnoise chronicle (no later than 954). Looking at the earliest Scottish king-lists (including Duan Albanach), it appears that, by the 11th  and 12 centuries the association of Fergus with Patrick (derived ultimately from the Armoy story) was known and cherished, and that Fergus, Loarn and Oengus, sons of Erc, were thought to have been buried on Iona. This would be consistent with an origin-legend of a migration from Ireland to Argyll, as stated in the Clonmacnoise chronicle. The linkage between Armagh (Patrick) and Iona, although not stated in the same text, is notable. There were very strong links between Armagh and Iona in the early tenth century: Mael Brigte mac Tornáin was coarb (successor) of Patrick, Columba and Adomnán  between 891 and 927. This coincided with the emergence of Clann Chinaeda meic Ailpín as the royal dynasty of Alba: they monopolised what had been the Pictish kingship from about 990 to 1034. Mael Muire (d. 913) daughter of Cinaed mac Ailpín was the third wife of Aed Findliath mac Néill of Cenél nEogáin, the most powerful patron of Armagh. Aed was king of Tara 862 – 879, and Mael Muire married Aed’s successor, Flann Sinna king of Mide, king of Tara 879 – 916. Mael Muire and Aed’s son, Néill, was king of Tara 916 – 919. The period around 900, therefore, saw the closest known dynastic ties between the Uí Néill and Pictish kings/kings of Alba, and the closest ties between the churches of Patrick (Armagh) and Columba (Iona, in the east, Dunkeld). This would seem to provide the most likely conditions for an association between kings of Alba and Armagh to have been enhanced by adopting Fergus son of Erc as a royal ancestor (at the expense of Mac Nisse son of Erc), especially if Clann Chinaeda meic Ailpín looked to Cenél nEógáin and Armagh for political and ideological support in establishing a new dynastic kingship. This means that, if the Scottish kingdom can be said to begin with the emergence of the kingdom of Alba (even if this was essentially a Gaelicised Pictish kingdom), then it began with an assertion of Irish origins. In this way, it can still be argued that Scotland has an umbilical connection with Ireland.